Hebron 2009

The project, “Increase of water availability and access in areas vulnerable to drought in the West Bank” (OSRO/GAZ/808/ITA) is funded by the Italian Co-operation through the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) under the patronage of the Palestinian National Authority, through the Ministry of Agriculture. FAO has implemented project activities in collaboration with the Civil Volunteer Group (GVC), an Italian NGO based in Bologna, working in partnership with the Palestinian Hydrology Group (PHG), the Union of Agricultural Workers Committees (UAWC) and the Land Research Centre (LRC).

The project has entailed research activities concerning 70 marginalized Palestinian herding communities in Area C, under Israeli civil and military control, in the Hebron, Bethlehem, Jerusalem and Jericho governorates. The project has analysed the living conditions of 16,001 beneficiaries, focusing on the situation of water scarcity affecting all of the study area. The framework followed by the research includes four main sectors: i) water for human consumption, ii)water for agriculture and livestock, iii)socio-economic conditions, iv) land use and soil characterization. According to the analysis of vulnerabilities in the target area, carried out through a participatory approach that involved local and national institutions, as well as the targeted communities, the Project Team has elaborated a series of concept papers, which define a short-medium term response in the water and agriculture sectors. A selection of these interventions was implemented as quick impact activities during the project.

The outputs of the project include a database and relative GIS support, showing statistics, elaborations and thematic maps on water consumption and demand, water sources, water costs and expenditures on the total income of the target families, filling points and water tankering, storage capacity for rainwater harvesting and other information on the socio-economic conditions of the Palestinian population and their agricultural and herding activities. The web site includes the data collected during the period March-August 2009 and presents an overview of the planning tools that will be handed over to the Palestinian Authority.